Πέμπτη, 17 Μαρτίου 2016

The philosophers one and the Christians two!

Priests and laymen usually of the Christian dogma keep repeating to us, when they see that most of those of the Hellenic Ethnic Religion have an interest for philosophy, that the ancient philosophers 'believed' in one god.
The ancient philosophers searched for the basic substance of the World, which consists of Gods, Life, Spirit, Soul and Matter. The Christians as monotheists believe in two things, the Creator and the Creation, there is created light and uncreated and they don't have anything to do with one another.
If they had than God and Creation would become one and the God would be entagled in the World's multiplicity and this would lead to Polytheism.
The definitions underneath show the conceptions of all, single, one and many and maybe are good to describe stages in the history of religion, theology and philosophy, however they may be misleading because some are not exclusive.

Henotheism (Greek ἑνας θεός henas theos "one god") is the belief in and worship of a single god while accepting the existence or possible existence of otherdeities that may also be served.

Monolatrism or monolatry (Greek: μόνος (monos) = single, and λατρεία (latreia) = worship) is recognition of the existence of many gods but with the consistent worship of only one deity

Kathenotheism is a term coined by the philologist Max Müller to mean the worship of one god at a time. It is closely related to henotheism, the worship of one god while not rejecting the existence of other gods.

Monotheism has been defined as the belief in the existence of one god or in the oneness of God.[1] The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church gives a more restricted definition: "belief in one personal and transcendent God", as opposed to polytheism and pantheism.

Polytheism is the worship of or belief in multiple deities usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, along with their own religions and rituals. In most religions which accept polytheism, the different gods and goddesses are representations of forces of nature or ancestral principles, and can be viewed either as autonomous or as aspects or emanations of a creator God or transcendental absolute principle (monistic theologies), which manifests immanently in nature (panentheistic and pantheistic theologies)

Panentheism (meaning "all-in-God", from the Ancient Greek πᾶν pân, "all", ἐν en, "in" and Θεός Theós, "God"), also known as Monistic Monotheism,[1] is a belief system which posits that the divine – whether as a single Godnumber of gods, or other form of "cosmic animating force"[2] – interpenetrates every part of the universe and extends, timelessly (and, presumably, spacelessly) beyond it. Unlike pantheism, which holds that the divine and the universe are identical,[3]panentheism maintains a distinction between the divine and non-divine and the significance of both.

Pantheism is the belief that the Universe (or nature as the totality of everything) is identical with divinity,[1] or that everything composes an all-encompassing,immanent god.[2] Pantheists thus do not believe in a distinct personal or anthropomorphic god.[3]

Monism is the view that attributes oneness or singleness (Greek:μόνος) to a concept (e.g., existence). Substance monism is the philosophical view that a variety of existing things can be explained in terms of a single reality or substance.[1] Another definition states that all existing things go back to a source that is distinct from them (e.g., in Neoplatonism everything is derived from The One).[2] This is often termed priority monism, and is the view that only one thing is ontologically basic or prior to everything else. Another distinction is the difference between substance and existence monism, or stuff monism and thing monism.[3] Substance monism posits that only one kind of stuff (e.g., matter or mind) exists, although many things may be made out of this stuff. Existence monism posits that, strictly speaking, there exists only a single thing (e.g., the universe), which can only be artificially and arbitrarily divided into many things.